India’s Foreign policy is seeing changes it has never seen before to be a pro-active one totally pragmatic with India’s development mode as the core focus. As our Foreign Secretary says, Business is Bread and Butter of Indo-US ties, it is true for most countries. Business is the face of Diplomacy, international relations is about selling the arms their countries make, plain simple trade. War is less business than trade, better returns. Many countries are in the race to befriend India the only large market for their armament industry. It is a game changer, till now the Indian defence contract market was sell and go, today the definition of a Indian defence contract is if you get a contract sell some pieces then transfer technology and make the remaining pieces here in India. No kickbacks. It is a tough negotiation, a game most are getting used to now and believe, if a country does not transfer technology others will offer technology and with better terms. India by force will soon develop good indigenous defence technology with dual use, civilian and military will help Indian commercial interest leap frog into the next generation technologies in the sphere.
Some of the issues:
The US for the first time is in a fix with India, as it needs India for its geopolitical and business needs, so the anger against Pakistan, but how long it lasts is something we have to see as in the past protecting American interests Pakistan has skilfully got back into the good books of the US.
Today Japan is one of India’s closest foreign policy partners giving billions of Dollars in soft long term loans for building Infrastructure, Highways, Roads, and Bridges. Japan and India need each other to see that China does not go on its claiming the area it says belongs to it in the South China Sea.
With China now trying and succeeding in being better than the US in many ways. China’s wants to be as great as it was in the past with the vast wealth it has today, a challenge to all the countries of the region. Its aggressive foreign policy, China has border issues with 21 countries, some settled. President Xi Jinping like Deng before him believes that trade and other issues of mutual interest should carry on while border issues can take their own time to settle. It can be said that China will do nothing that will affect trade and its exports. President Xi Jinping looks at economic power giving him the vision of having a China with the landmass the Qing dynasty had, they built it mostly by military victory. He also looks at the capture of countries for China by Admiral Zheng ruling much of the nations in the South China sea. The full border India has with China is disputed, 4057- km, with both sides having their views on the LAC.
The way forward is settling issues between us as China will like to close borders and grow trade with India, the world’s largest market.
The intricacies of today’s diplomacy is having understanding of realistic ground levels. A Former spy turned NSA under the guidance of PM Modi, together they have made India proud for their brave diplomatic out of the box solutions for India, not done for the last 70 years. We were ignored in Afghanistan once a part of Ashoka’s India, now we are being welcomed to be part of the Afghan peace process. India’s Ajit Doval who has the implicit trust of our Prime Minister Modi, can be best compared to Richard Sorge, the Russian Master spy of Stalin, on whose advice Stalin shifted Russian troops, tanks and planes from the eastern front against Japan to the western front against the Germans and saved Moscow from being captured by the Germans and thus began the start of the end of the Second World war. India is forging ahead to maintain its Sovereignty, Strategy and Security with the Modi-Doval combine.
Eurasian Economic Union which was set up on 1st January 2015 has emerged as a major regional organization comprising of five states namely Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan. Looking back, credit should be given to the president of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbaev who in 1994 suggested the idea of creating a “Eurasian Union” during his speech at Moscow State University.You need to subscribe hard copy
India and China are two of the oldest known civilisation of the world with rich legacy of bilateral interactions in multilateral level. Harmony and tolerance prevailed between Indo-China relations until the occupation of Tibet by China in 1950.The geographical location of Tibet makes it a buffer zone between the territorial interests of India and China. From strategic and defence point of view, this highland area occupies significant importance for both India and China.You need to subscribe hard copy
With diligent management of diplomatic, economic and military resources India has gained respectable status in the international sphere .Even so major determinants of its foreign policy remain unchanged amid continued tension in the neighbourhood though strategic relationship with some big powers has been fast forwarded and soft power diplomacy is by and large successful. It has to fine tune its relation with Pakistan and settle territorial disputes with neighbours. Close rapport with world decision makers is essential.India must also consider its military option which would enhance its deterrence to deal with provocations from neighbours.You need to subscribe hard copy
European Union has been buffeted not on one count but on several in the recent past. First the financial crisis engulfed it followed by the Eurozone crisis and then the Grexit, to be followed by Brexit. Terrorism has been one of the most talked about menace that several parts of EU had to suffer from. ISIS seemed to have found a place in many European hearts. Refugee crisis on account of ISIS misadventure in Syria was the consequence of terrorism. The migrants streamed in from Syria, Libya, Afghanistan and Pakistan. EU members had to negotiate and accommodate the surge of incoming refugees among themselves.You need to subscribe hard copy
The incidents at Doklam have given Indians the honour they lost in the Indo Chinese war in 1962. After the standoff in Doklam India is a equal patner to all nations of the world, no longer a smaller power as it used to be treated earlier. According to Pravin Sawhney of Force, the Chinese had Informed India three weeks in advance about the road building in Doklam. Instead of talking, India kept quiet and asked its Army to block the road construction on June 18th when it started.Read Full Article
The Central Asian neighbourhood of Afghanistan consists of large energy resources with sizeable volumes of hydrocarbon reserves present in Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan bordering the eastern and southern part of the Caspian Sea. The hydel and geo-thermal energy sources present in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan have gained attention in the light of electricity transmission possibility through Wakshan corridor in Badakhshan region of Afghanistan.You need to subscribe hard copy
The consequences of strained bilateral relations have adverse effect on the development of both the countries. India is witnessing mounting disorder all round its boundaries and therefore, a firm and strong Bangladesh as a partner is required for India’s development.You need to subscribe hard copy
The emerging triangle between Russia-India-China is being closely watched in the strategic and academic quarters of the West and the three countries involved. This idea was mooted by the then Russian Prime Minister Yevgeny Primakov at a time when India has been internationally isolated after its May 1998, nuclear tests. This was also the time when Russia was facing intense pressure from the West on the issue of human rights violation in Chechnya and on the establishment of true democratic system in Russia.You need to subscribe hard copy
The twin doctrines of ‘Act East’ and ‘Made in India’ have been significant contributions of the NDA-II Government’s foreign policy. In order to elevate India’s image as an attractive investment destination and strengthen its economic stature on the world stage, the most noteworthy endeavour has been the launching of the flagship ‘Make in India’ and the expanded umbrella of reforms. In this backdrop, greater emphasis has been laid on collaboration in defence technology, co-development and co-production at a time when the Indian defence sector is at the cusp of an inflexion point.You need to subscribe hard copy
China’s military rise in recent years has enhanced its strategic engagement with countries within and around the region. China’s strategic engagements with South Asian countries like Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bangladesh has placed India in a mode of strategic arms race with its largest neighbour China. Debates have been taking place that can India afford to fight two and a half war, that too, during recent Dokalam (India-Bhutan-China triangle border area) crisis with China that lasted from June 16 till August 28,2017.You need to subscribe hard copy
In fine, the cherismatic personality of Narendra Modi and the unique style of leadership have provided a fresh approach and vigour to the Indian foreign policy. He successfully tried to change the fundamentals of Indian foreign policy as according to the significant changes taking place at the international level. PM Modi’s foreign visits have established close relationships with major countries of the world, simultaneously; the credit of New Delhi has significantly incresed at the global level.You need to subscribe hard copy
Friendly relations between India and China is not only mutually rewarding for these two Asian giants but also sine qua non for the stability and prosperity of the region. Together they constitute almost 40% of the total population of the world with an expanding middle class. But unfortunately these two ancient civilizations have been drifted apart from each other from time to time.You need to subscribe hard copy
The Indian foreign policy establishment can justifiably feel upbeat with the results of the visit. Given the uncertainties in the run-up to the visit, the results have been most gratifying. In his op-ed in WSJ, referring to his statement about having overcome the “hesitations of history” during his address to the US Congress a year ago, Modi affirmed it once again and expressed his confidence with regard to the growing convergence between the two nations.You need to subscribe hard copy
To conclude, the military impasse was a result of China’s hegemonic and expansionist designs in Asia. China has territorial disputes with India. In recent times, has seen uncomfortable with strongly emerging strategic partnership of India with US and Japan. Its ambitions to reorder Asia hierarchically, while relegating position of India and Japan, is leading to its unilateral attempts to alter the status quo in the disputed territorial and maritime boundaries in South Asia, South East Asia and South China Sea.You need to subscribe hard copy
According to Wells, tremendous opportunities lie in India’s civil aviation market. In early January 2017, Spice Jet, a private Indian airline, announced an order of 155 new Boeing 737 MAX 8s, taking its tally for the aircraft model to 205 total planes. The final assembly of the MAX 737 takes place at the Boeing production facility in Renton, Washington. “…these transactions have an estimated value of USD 23 billion and according to Boeing, would create or sustain more than 130,000 jobs in the US,” she said.You need to subscribe hard copy
This analysis proves that Narendra Modi has responded the contemporary challenges worldwide quite well, though his efforts are misplaced even in his own region i.e. South Asia. In the waters, he has handled the affairs well but obviously seems failed on the land. He has taken pre-emptive measures, broken the ices here and there and given the bold messages that India is now ready to take its global responsibility.You need to subscribe hard copy
In summary, since its nominal establishment in 2001, but especially beginning with the increased activity launched in 2005–06, the partnership has gone from strength to strength. ‘Japan’s recent interest in India has taken off from a very low base and is set to accelerate’. The trajectory of India-Japan relations is ûrmly set and demands concerted implementation of the roadmap already drawn out’.You need to subscribe hard copy
India is culturally different from Western countries and China. This domestic distinguishability reflects in its foreign policy and the norms governing foreign relation of India is different from that of western countries. The major characteristics of Indian domestic society are its linguistic, religious, ethnic and other forms of diversities and unity among them with mutual respect based on the principle of ‘Unity in Diversity’.You need to subscribe hard copy
The interactions between China and South Asia are of old antiquity. The earlier engagement in ancient times between China and the South Asia was confined largely to the religio-cultural sphere (ibid). However, the ties between China and South Asian countries have witnessed a significant transformation in contemporary times with comprehensive interlinkages developing in the domain of both geopolitics and geoeconomics.You need to subscribe hard copy
The National Democratic Alliance (NDA); a coalition government led by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP); came to power in 1998 and became the first coalition government to complete five years term in office. The BJP was considered by many as the realist alternative to the idealist previous governments. Soon after it came to power, the NDA government conducted five nuclear tests and successfully fought a war with Pakistan (1999) over Kargil intrusion.You need to subscribe hard copy
The Indo-French Strategic Partnership has been instrumental in bringing a remarkable turnaround in bilateral relations between New Delhi and Paris. What was hitherto a low-key relationship during the Cold War years, post-1998, India and France have set the momentum to build multidimensional ties of strategic nature and substance. In core areas like defence and security, the partnership has transformed from a clientele relationship to joint collaboration in areas like defence manufacturing, exchange of military doctrines and developing a common understanding on international security issues.You need to subscribe hard copy