India's Foreign Policy: Decoding Modi-Doval Diplomacy

Editorial

India’s Foreign policy is seeing changes it has never seen before to be a pro-active one totally pragmatic with India’s development mode as the core focus. As our Foreign Secretary says, Business is Bread and Butter of Indo-US ties, it is true for most countries. Business is the face of Diplomacy, international relations is about selling the arms their countries make, plain simple trade. War is less business than trade, better returns. Many countries are in the race to befriend India the only large market for their armament industry. It is a game changer, till now the Indian defence contract market was sell and go, today the definition of a Indian defence contract is if you get a contract sell some pieces then transfer technology and make the remaining pieces here in India. No kickbacks. It is a tough negotiation, a game most are getting used to now and believe, if a country does not transfer technology others will offer technology and with better terms. India by force will soon develop good indigenous defence technology with dual use, civilian and military will help Indian commercial interest leap frog into the next generation technologies in the sphere.
Some of the issues:
The US for the first time is in a fix with India, as it needs India for its geopolitical and business needs, so the anger against Pakistan, but how long it lasts is something we have to see as in the past protecting American interests Pakistan has skilfully got back into the good books of the US.
Today Japan is one of India’s closest foreign policy partners giving billions of Dollars in soft long term loans for building Infrastructure, Highways, Roads, and Bridges. Japan and India need each other to see that China does not go on its claiming the area it says belongs to it in the South China Sea.
With China now trying and succeeding in being better than the US in many ways. China’s wants to be as great as it was in the past with the vast wealth it has today, a challenge to all the countries of the region. Its aggressive foreign policy, China has border issues with 21 countries, some settled. President Xi Jinping like Deng before him believes that trade and other issues of mutual interest should carry on while border issues can take their own time to settle. It can be said that China will do nothing that will affect trade and its exports. President Xi Jinping looks at economic power giving him the vision of having a China with the landmass the Qing dynasty had, they built it mostly by military victory. He also looks at the capture of countries for China by Admiral Zheng ruling much of the nations in the South China sea. The full border India has with China is disputed, 4057- km, with both sides having their views on the LAC.
The way forward is settling issues between us as China will like to close borders and grow trade with India, the world’s largest market.
The intricacies of today’s diplomacy is having understanding of realistic ground levels. A Former spy turned NSA under the guidance of PM Modi, together they have made India proud for their brave diplomatic out of the box solutions for India, not done for the last 70 years. We were ignored in Afghanistan once a part of Ashoka’s India, now we are being welcomed to be part of the Afghan peace process. India’s Ajit Doval who has the implicit trust of our Prime Minister Modi, can be best compared to Richard Sorge, the Russian Master spy of Stalin, on whose advice Stalin shifted Russian troops, tanks and planes from the eastern front against Japan to the western front against the Germans and saved Moscow from being captured by the Germans and thus began the start of the end of the Second World war. India is forging ahead to maintain its Sovereignty, Strategy and Security with the Modi-Doval combine.

India's Foreign Policy: Decoding Modi-Doval Diplomacy


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Eurasian Economic Union which was set up on 1st January 2015 has emerged as a major regional organization comprising of five states namely Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan.   Looking back, credit should be given to the president of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbaev who in 1994 suggested the idea of creating a “Eurasian Union” during his speech at Moscow State University. 

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Tibet Factor in Indo-Sino Relations
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India and China are two of the oldest known civilisation of the world with rich legacy of bilateral interactions in multilateral level. Harmony and tolerance prevailed between Indo-China relations until the occupation of Tibet by China in 1950.The geographical location of Tibet makes it a buffer zone between the territorial interests of India and China. From strategic and defence point of view, this highland area occupies significant importance for both India and China.

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Decoding India’s Foreign Policy
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Doklam Perspectives and China’s 19th Communist Party Congress
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The GIS Analysis of Afghanistan Conflict on Central Asian Energy Routes for South Asia
Sudhir Kumar Dara, Sudhir Kumar Garhwal & Ambrish Dhaka

The Central Asian neighbourhood of Afghanistan consists of large energy resources with sizeable volumes of hydrocarbon reserves present in Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan bordering the eastern and southern part of the Caspian Sea. The hydel and geo-thermal energy sources present in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan have gained attention in the light of electricity transmission possibility through Wakshan corridor in Badakhshan region of Afghanistan. 

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Need For Careful Multilayered Rational Foreign Policy towards Bangladesh
Ranjana Mishra

The consequences of strained bilateral relations have adverse effect on the development of both the countries. India is witnessing mounting disorder all round its boundaries and therefore, a firm and strong Bangladesh as a partner is required for India’s development.

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India-Russia-China Strategic Co-Operation: Myth or Reality ?
Dr. Deepak Yadav

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The ‘Act East’ Policy: Contours of Defence Cooperation and Emerging Partnership
Dr. Mohor Chakraborty

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India-China Relations: Avoiding Strategic Arms Race
Dr. Rajesh Kumar

China’s military rise in recent years has enhanced its strategic engagement with countries within  and around the region. China’s strategic engagements with South Asian countries like Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bangladesh has placed India in a mode of strategic arms race with its largest neighbour China. Debates have been taking place that can India afford to fight two and a half war, that too,  during recent Dokalam (India-Bhutan-China triangle border area)  crisis with China that lasted from June 16 till August 28,2017. 

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India’s Foreign Policy in the Age of Narendra Modi: Achievements and Challenges
Dr. Saleem Ahmad

In fine, the cherismatic personality of Narendra Modi and the unique style of leadership have provided a fresh approach and vigour to the Indian foreign policy. He successfully tried to change the fundamentals of Indian foreign policy as according to the significant changes taking place at the international level. PM Modi’s foreign visits have established close relationships with major countries of the world, simultaneously; the credit of New Delhi has significantly incresed at the global level.

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Manipulating Malthus: A Plausible Way of Moving Beyond the Hyphenated Relations Between India and China
Dr. Arindam Roy

Friendly relations between India and China is not only mutually rewarding for these two Asian giants but also sine qua non for the stability and prosperity of the region. Together they constitute almost 40% of the total population of the world with an expanding middle class. But unfortunately these two ancient civilizations have been drifted apart from each other from time to time. 

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Indo-US Strategic Convergence and Defence Co-operation under Modi : Moving Towards Pragmatism
Dr. Pitam Ghosh

The Indian foreign policy establishment can justifiably feel upbeat with the results of the visit. Given the uncertainties in the run-up to the visit, the results have been most gratifying. In his op-ed in WSJ, referring to his statement about having overcome the “hesitations of history” during his address to the US Congress a year ago, Modi affirmed it once again and expressed his confidence with regard to the growing convergence between the two nations.

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India-China Military Impasse at Doklam Plateau and Its Strategic Implications
Dr. Suneel Kumar

To conclude, the military impasse was a result of China’s hegemonic and expansionist designs in Asia. China has territorial disputes with India. In recent times, has seen uncomfortable with strongly emerging strategic partnership of India with US and Japan. Its ambitions to reorder Asia hierarchically, while relegating position of India and Japan, is leading to its unilateral attempts to alter the status quo in the disputed territorial and maritime boundaries in South Asia, South East Asia and South China Sea. 

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Revisiting Post-Cold Era: New Delhi-Washington Partnership in Donald Trump’s Regime
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India’s Diplomatic Investments in American Imperium
Dr. Shreesh K. Pathak

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India - Japan Growing Strategic Synergy: A Harbinger of New Era in Indian Foreign Policy
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In summary, since its nominal establishment in 2001, but especially beginning with the increased activity launched in 2005–06, the partnership has gone from strength to strength. ‘Japan’s recent interest in India has taken off from a very low base and is set to accelerate’. The trajectory of India-Japan relations is ûrmly set and demands concerted implementation of the roadmap already drawn out’. 

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Unity in Diversity: A Normative Agenda In the Foreign Policy of India
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The Emerging Contours of China’s South Asia Policy: Challenges for Indian Foreign Policy
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India’s Summit Diplomacy vis-à-vis Pakistan, 1998-2004: Crisis Management or Conflict Resolution
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Twenty Years of Indo-French Strategic Partnership: A Critical Assessment
Swati

The Indo-French Strategic Partnership has been instrumental in bringing a remarkable turnaround in bilateral relations between New Delhi and Paris. What was hitherto a low-key relationship during the Cold War years, post-1998, India and France have set the momentum to build multidimensional ties of strategic nature and substance. In core areas like defence and security, the partnership has transformed from a clientele relationship to joint collaboration in areas like defence manufacturing, exchange of military doctrines and developing a common understanding on international security issues.

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