India & Neighbours - Swapping: Extended Neighbourhood

Editorial

India’s neighbours have expectations of financial grants from donor countries. The proactive muscular foreign policy of the present government is something that China is not used to and now slowly getting used to and doing all thing possible to see that India does not have its way. China wants to see India failing and not succeeding. But India after stopping for some time, it finally makes it happen. All diplomatic initiatives India is taking not caring whether it wins or loses, to get into the game of diplomatic initiatives to procure India a seat in all International global governance institutions. The more our Neighbours get from China, the better it is for our Neighbours, well they are entering into financial traps that will get China land, sea and air bases, on their land for long lease as
many countries are realising today. In December 2017 Sri Lanka gave on a 99 year lease a port to a Chinese government owned company. Many such examples with other countries will follow. The return is giving a bit of their country as part of the payment of the capital taken from China which they cannot repay. India nursed Bangladesh to freedom at a great cost to itself by taking 10 million refugees. Today the Indian government has shown magnanimity and settled the 70 year old border issues with Bangladesh to the benefit and satisfaction of Bangladesh by giving up a part of Indian territory. Today Bangladesh is no longer a heaven for terrorist operating against India. With Maldives it sent troops on the request of the local government to save it from insurgents. With Nepal India has treated it as its child, but the Nepalese are today running after the Chinese for development aid, the attached strings they will see later as they go on. Now Nepal has rejected India’s help to re-measure Mt Everest, saying it will do it on
its own. Many suspect that Nepal is doing this on China’s instigation. In the recent elections, an alliance of two communist parties won the parliamentary election in Nepal and had promised the people that if they win they will develop the country with aid from China, for the development of roads, hydro power and railway network in Nepal. In Afghanistan, to be accessible without going through Pakistan, India got the Chabahar port in Iran with a commitment to invest $ 500 million for port and related road infrastructure development till the Afghan border town of Zaranj, from where India had earlier developed a 200 km road.
From this, Iran-Afghan border town of Zaranj to another Afghan town of Delaram costing about Rs 700 crores, India built inspite of the efforts of the Taliban to see that it does not happen, Indians and the Afghans lost many people to the Taliban attacks, yet they completed the road. This road links into the Garland highway network of Afghanistan that connects all major Afghan towns.
An interesting look into history some of these roads were built by the Indian Mauryan Empire when Afghanistan was a part of it. With the Chabahar port link, India gets a sea and road link to Central Asia and from there to Russia and Europe. This is our answer to the Chinese CPEC, an important project of the Chinese One Belt One Road project. This Indian network will take Indian goods all the way to Europe without using the CPEC network a triumph of Indian diplomacy. Now China wants to expend CPEC to Afghanistan, as China wants to stop militancy from entering the restive Xinjiang region and also bring development to the Baluchistan province of Pakistan a hotbed for the growth of terrorism and the drug trade. Peace, development and jobs in this area is an important issue for
China as to the World, as many people of the area work in other areas of the world as mercenaries in jihadi armies. Till now India did not build border roads as it thought they could be used by Chinese invaders. Now that is changed and in the Indo China border area we see massive road, rail infrastructure coming up to the dismay of the Chinese. The Doklam incident on the Indo-Chinese-Bhutan border showed China and the world that the firm Indian government will stand up to China, cost no bar, in spite of all forms of Chinese psychological warfare. With Government of India undertaking massive structural changes in its economy, the Indian GST is the world’s biggest tax reform measures in all sectors of the government, which has not bothered of the political fallout, something the world has taken note of. Massive economic growth will happen and will generate wealth and happiness to all its people as all rating agencies say India will be the third largest economy by 2030, with money, power and the world leader in the IT
sector, the future wealth of the world, all of India’s neighbours will balance their relations with India in their own interests in times to come.

India & Neighbours - Swapping: Extended Neighbourhood


India’s Harmonious Policies towards its Neighbours
Anil Kamboj

PM Modi now seems to be making neighbourhood consolidation one of the main focus areas of his first term in office. There is also a genuine need for doing so early on if India were to continue aspiring for a greater regional role, and build upon it a global role to call its own.The post-War experience of the 20th century showed that super-powers began with keeping their neighbourhoods on their side.

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Maintaining India’s Harmonious Policies towards its Neighbours !
Dr. Sudhanshu Tripathi

Ever since assuming office, PM Narendra Modi has been vigorously pursuing to reinvigorate India’s stagnant relations with all countries in South Asia with bilateral visits, project partnerships and a determined effort to settle the mutually persisting endemic issues in all sincerity and honest spirit. He is of the firm view that India’s mutual relations in the region can progress fast only through social and economic cooperation with each other and also by devising common plans for their collective development.

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Inching towards ASEAN Neighbourhood
G. Kishore Babu

External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj calls for deeper economic integration with Dynamic ASEAN Region. She talks most practically of shared security and shared prosperity. 10 ASEAN leaders came to Delhi at the invitation of the Indian Prime Minister, a triumph of Indian diplomacy as PM Modi says India does not covet others territory a welcome reassurance to countries of the ASEAN region. India hosted leaders of 10 ASEAN countries for the first time during our Republic Day celebrations this year giving a strong message to China that India is great friend of theirs. All want to have an independent foreign policy. No one willingly wants to give military bases to China, in lieu of development aid. China if it gives money for development wants it back in cash or military bases.

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Indo-Bangladesh Relations: Challenges and Opportunities in the Backdrop of Contemporary Geopolitics of the Region
Dr. Alok Kumar Gupta

Indo-Bangladesh relations have been full of paradoxes like any other neighbour. On the one hand it reflects both maturity and political will; whereas on the other it has also seen bitterness with certain elements inside Bangladesh. There is hardly any doubt that both the neighbours have come closer in the recent past. Bangladesh under Hasina has emerged as friendliest of the neighbours and has addressed genuinely the security concerns of India.

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Re-engineering Jobs and Employments
Dr. Archana Thakur & Dr. Sheetla Prasad

Re-engineering job and employment is not an issue but it is a need for man power utilization for the development of the country. It has focussed on the four key points - Opportunity re-engineering, Re-engineering learner’s competency, Capacity re –engineering and Readiness for country needs. This article has covered the technical parameters for re-engineering job and their outcomes for nation building.

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Modi and the Tough Path Towards Neighbours
Dr. Sarika Dubey

Although India is now ready to play global role under the leadership of PM Narendra Modi yet New Delhi cannot afford to relax with regards to its immediate periphery. It is true that under Prime Minister Narendra Modi, India enjoys a better standing in global politics than any time in the recent past. And it is also true that Chinese president Xi Jinping has also been having a fantastic time at home and abroad.

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Pakistan, A Factor of Cross-Border Terrorism in India : An Indian Perspective
Pradeepta Kumar Dash & Dr. Amulya K Tripathy

Cross-border terrorism has emerged as a great threat to the security of India. Terrorism originating from across the border has slowly attempted to strangle the democracy and sovereignty of India.

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India’s Harmonious Engagement with Southeast Asia: Analysing the Sub-regional and Domestic Imperatives of ‘Act East’
Dr. Mohor Chakraborty

It is an acknowledged fact that the successful implementation of ‘Act East’ policy is contingent on adeptly driving India’s sub-regional policy, particularly towards the BIMSTEC on the one hand and fostering the development of Northeast India, on the other, since it constitutes India’s gateway to Southeast Asia.

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Indo-Pak Relation: Terrorism and Kashmir - The Never Ending Issues
Dr. Chanchal Kumar

India’s independence in 1947 from the British colonial rule and its subsequent division into two nations – India and Pakistan - has sowed the seeds of continuing conflict between the two countries since their independence. The partition of India was primarily based on the religious divide between the two communities – the Hindus and the Muslims.

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Indo-Maldives Bilateral Relations: Challenges and Prospects
Dr. Harish Chandra Behera

It is fact that the trend of Indo-Maldives friendly relations was in hostile position in recent years, because of extra regional powers like USA, China have also made a close relation with the island country. India’s bilateral policy with Maldives since 1965 has been many ups and downs.

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Changing Trends between India and Nepal
Mrittika Guha Sarkar

With the current geo-politics scenario, the world has been passing through a period of power transition with the center of gravity of international politics shifting more towards the East especially to Asia because of the economic and military prowess of the two of the most aspiring powers—China and India. China and India, on the other hand, given their geographic constraints, have been trying to sustain their rise by developing cooperative and friendly relations with their neighbors, as well as cooperating with each other at the global level.

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India and Its Neighbours: From Big Brother to Colonial Cousins
Snehil Kacker

In times to come,South Asia is going to remain a contested region.India is going to face challenges from its neighbours and external powers.China through OBOR has already launched a massive threat to India,which if not carefully addressed will bring a host of other challenges. 

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India-Sri Lanka Relations in the Era of Modi Government: Challenges from China
Dr. Saleem Ahmad

No doubt, India-Sri Lanka relations have gained momentun in the era of Modi government but PM Modi’s “Neighbourhood First” Policy has also not yeilded desirable outcome as he expected at the time of aoth cermony in May 2014 when he invited, for the first time, the head of the states of the neighbour countries.

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Harmonious without Hospitable? Interrogating India’s 21st Century Neighbourhood Policy
Pratip Chattopadhyay

Interrogating the 21st century neighbourhood policy of India refers to analyse the strategies adopted by a nuclear-India towards its South Asian neghbours keeping in mind the China factor. The paper argues with suitable illustrations that neighbourhood policy of India have been rhetorically harmonious but was forced not to surface hospitable attitude towards the South Asian neighbours because of exigencies of extraregional and regional balance of power.

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India-Iran Relations in the backdrop of EU-US response to Iran’s Nuclear Programme
Neha Mehta Verma

The Geo Strategic importance of Iran as an energy hub for India as well as a transit and transport corridor to Afghanistan, Central Asia and beyond makes it undisputable in its importance.

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India- Pakistan Harmonious Relation: A ‘Reverie’ Approach
Prashant Barthwal

Much ink has been flown out in discussing the vibrant issues of India’s foreign policy and its vital impact on South Asia. India being one of the leading nation among other South Asia’s nation-states.

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The Road to Mekong: India-Myanmar-Thailand Trilateral Highway Project
Debashis Dutta

The Indian government is giving a renewed push to road connectivity with Southeast Asia. On 13 November 2016, the India-Myanmar-Thailand Trilateral Highway (IMT Highway) Friendship Car Rally was flagged off in Delhi by Mansukh Lal Mandaviya, Indian Minister of State for Road Transport and Highways, Shipping and Chemicals and Fertilizers.

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India in Balochistan: Constraints and Possibilities
Shakoor Ahmad Wani

Not many people in India knew Balochistan, not to mention the festering decade long insurgency or the muzzling of dissenting voices in Pakistan’s largest province. Much of it was to change. Balochistan earned primetime space in commentaries in print and electronic media in India.

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Aftermath of Doklam Crisis: India-Bhutan Relations
Chokey Namgyal

India and Bhutan has been good friends over the years and till now the presence of China in the vicinity has not affected the relationship. However, the Doklam crisis was the another major conflict between India and China after the 1962 war, this crisis though was solved but it poised new challenges for India with respect to Bhutan.

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‘India Factor’ In Nepal’s Tryst with Democracy
Vineeth Thomas and Arsha V. Sathyan

India and Nepal are close neighbours who share kinless relationship of friendship and collaboration. The open border and in-depth people-to-people mutual contact are the explicit expressions of India and Nepal’s healthy rapport. Nepal has undergone various experiments of political administration including feudalism, monarchy and at present, democracy.

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